Roland H. Wauer retired from the National Park Service in 1989, after a 32-year career as a park ranger at Crater Lake National Park (NP), Death Valley NP, Pinnacles NM, Zion NP, and Big Bend NP; Southwest Region Chief Scientist (1972-78), and Chief of Natural Resources in the Washington, DC Office (197 2-83). During the later period he coordinated two NPS State of the Parks reports, developed the Service-wide Natural Resource Management Trainee Program, and served as Chairman of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Steering Committee. His final two NPS assignment were at Great Smoky Mountains NP as Assistant Superintendent, where he coordinated the Interagency Biosphere Reserve Program, and in the Caribbean, working with the Virgin Islands Government to establish a Territorial Park System; the Salt River Bay Historical Park and Ecological Preserve evolved from that final assignment. Since 1989, he has spent much time traveling and writing. He also served as a member of the National Academy of Science Committee on Science in the National Parks (1990-2001), a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Parks Conservation Association (1995-2001), and a member of the Board of Scientists of the Chihuahuan Desert Research Institute (1980-2000). In addition, he has written and published 27 books on the National Parks and birds and butterflies.